OED definition (1): Originally: (a collective term for) geometry, arithmetic, and certain physical sciences involving geometrical reasoning, such as astronomy and optics; spec. the disciplines of the quadrivium collectively. In later use: the science of space, number, quantity, and arrangement, whose methods involve logical reasoning and usually the use of symbolic notation, and which includes geometry, arithmetic, algebra, and analysis; mathematical operations or calculations.(1)
Much more beautiful and eloquent than many people believe. Maths is partly concerned with figuring out measurements, unknowns and breaking codes. But it can also be a very concise and accurate way to represent scientific ideas.
- Algebra (the study of unknowns and finding solutions. Also a good way to represent relationships and interactions found in science).
- Geometry (the study of shapes, their structure and the nature of physical space).
- Statistics (Ways in which to prove correlations and relationships to add certainty to claims).